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Polar Regions' Location: Cartographic Projections

When representing the Earth, which is spherical, on a flat surface, distortions are created, and this is especially problematic when trying to locate the polar regions of the planet. Conic, cylindrical, or azimuthal map projections can help minimize such distortions. The following examples of activities use some of these map projections to primarily observe the distortions that occur in the polar regions due to the attempt to represent the geoid shape of the Earth on a plane.

Besides identifying the poles, one can observe the location of Brazil and a country opposite to Brazil, which in this practice will be Japan. These activities can be implemented in explaining different map projections as well as in the study of the polar regions and their spatial relationship with our country. Two ways of conducting the activities are presented: digitally and in print.


Flavia Sant'Anna Rios, Luana Zischler, Sandra Freiberger Affonso.




Locate the Earth's polar regions and their geographic position in relation to Brazil in cartographic projections.

Skills worked






  • Option 1: Computer or smartphone

  • Option 2: Printed cards, pencil or pen

Support materials

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